Introduction ::NiueBackground:Niue's remoteness, as well as cultural and linguistic differences between its Polynesian inhabitants and those of the rest of the Cook Islands, has caused it to be separately administered. The population of the island continues to drop (from a peak of 5,200 in 1966 to an estimated 1,229 in 2013) with substantial emigration to New Zealand 2,400 km to the southwest.Geography ::NiueLocation:Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of TongaGeographic coordinates:19 02 S, 169 52 WArea:total: 260 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 213land: 260 sq kmwater: 0 sq kmArea - comparative:1.5 times the size of Washington, DCLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:64 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nmexclusive economic zone: 200 nmClimate:tropical; modified by southeast trade windsTerrain:steep limestone cliffs along coast, central plateauElevation extremes:lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 mhighest point: unnamed elevation near Mutalau settlement 68 mNatural resources:fish, arable landLand use:arable land: 3.85%permanent crops: 11.54%other: 84.62% (2011)Irrigated land:NANatural hazards:typhoonsEnvironment - current issues:increasing attention to conservationist practices to counter loss of soil fertility from traditional slash and burn agricultureEnvironment - international agreements:party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer ProtectionGeography - note:one of world's largest coral islandsPeople and Society ::NiueNationality:noun: Niuean(s)adjective: NiueanEthnic groups:Niuen 78.2%, Pacific islander 10.2%, European 4.5%, mixed 3.9%, Asian 0.2%, unspecified 3% (2001 census)Languages:English (official), Niuean (a Polynesian language closely related to Tongan and Samoan)Religions:Ekalesia Niue (Niuean Church - a Protestant church closely related to the London Missionary Society) 61.1%, Latter-Day Saints 8.8%, Roman Catholic 7.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 2.4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.4%, other 8.4%, unspecified 8.7%, none 1.9% (2001 census)Population:1,229 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 236Population growth rate:-0.03% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 201Urbanization:urban population: 38% of total population (2010)rate of urbanization: -1.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Sex ratio:NAInfant mortality rate:total: NAmale: NAfemale: NALife expectancy at birth:total population: NAmale: NAfemale: NATotal fertility rate:NAHealth expenditures:17.4% of GDP (2010)country comparison to the world: 4Physicians density:4 physicians/1,000 population (2006)Drinking water source:improved:urban: 100% of populationrural: 100% of populationtotal: 100% of population (2010 est.)Sanitation facility access:improved:urban: 100% of populationrural: 100% of populationtotal: 100% of population (2010 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - deaths:NAEducation expenditures:NALiteracy:definition: NAtotal population: 95%male: NAfemale: NASchool life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):total: 13 yearsmale: 12 yearsfemale: 15 years (2005)Government ::NiueCountry name:conventional long form: noneconventional short form: Niuenote: pronunciation falls between nyu-way and new-way, but not like new-weeformer: Savage IslandDependency status:self-governing in free association with New Zealand since 1974; Niue fully responsible for internal affairs; New Zealand retains responsibility for external affairs and defense; however, these responsibilities confer no rights of control and are only exercised at the request of the Government of NiueGovernment type:self-governing parliamentary democracyCapital:name: Alofigeographic coordinates: 19 01 S, 169 55 Wtime difference: UTC-11 (6 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:none; note - there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 14 villages at the second orderIndependence:19 October 1974 (Niue became a self-governing parliamentary government in free association with New Zealand)National holiday:Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi established British sovereignty over New Zealand), 6 February (1840)Constitution:19 October 1974 (Niue Constitution Act)Legal system:English common lawSuffrage:18 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General of New Zealand Anand SATYANAND (since 23 August 2006); the UK and New Zealand are represented by New Zealand High Commissioner Mark BLUMSKY (since September 2011)head of government: Premier Toke TALAGI (since 18 June 2008)cabinet: Cabinet consists of the premier and 3 ministers(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: the monarchy is hereditary; premier elected by the Legislative Assembly for a three-year term; election last held on 16 May 2011 (next to be held in 2014)election results: Toke TALAGI reelected premier in Legislative Assembly vote; Toke TALAGI - 11, Togia SIONEHOLO - 8Legislative branch:unicameral Legislative Assembly (20 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms; six elected from a common roll and 14 are village representatives)elections: last held on 7 May 2011 (next to be held in 2014)election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - 20 independentsJudicial branch:highest court(s): Court of Appeal (consists of the chief justice and up to 3 judges); note - the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London) is the final appeal court beyond the Niue Court of Appealnote - Niue is a participant in the Pacific Judicial Development Program; the program is designed to build governance and the rule of law in 15 Pacific island countriesjudge selection and term of office: Niue chief justice appointed by the governor-general on the advice of the Cabinet and tendered by the premier; other judges appointed by the governor-general on the advice of the Cabinet and tendered by the chief justice and the minister of justice; judges serve until age 68subordinate courts: High CourtPolitical parties and leaders:Alliance of Independents or AINiue People's Action Party or NPP [Young VIVIAN]Political pressure groups and leaders:NAInternational organization participation:ACP, AOSIS, FAO, IFAD, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WMODiplomatic representation in the US:none (self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand)Diplomatic representation from the US:none (self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand)Flag description:yellow with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant; the flag of the UK bears five yellow five-pointed stars - a large star on a blue disk in the center and a smaller star on each arm of the bold red cross; the larger star stands for Niue, the smaller stars recall the Southern Cross constellation on the New Zealand flag and symbolize links with that country; yellow represents the bright sunshine of Niue and the warmth and friendship between Niue and New ZealandNational anthem:name: ""Ko e Iki he Lagi"" (The Lord in Heaven)lyrics/music: unknown/unknown, prepared by Sioeli FUSIKATAnote: adopted 1974Economy ::NiueEconomy - overview:The economy suffers from the typical Pacific island problems of geographic isolation, few resources, and a small population. Government expenditures regularly exceed revenues, and the shortfall is made up by critically needed grants from New Zealand that are used to pay wages to public employees. Niue has cut government expenditures by reducing the public service by almost half. The agricultural sector consists mainly of subsistence gardening, although some cash crops are grown for export. Industry consists primarily of small factories to process passion fruit, lime oil, honey, and coconut cream. The sale of postage stamps to foreign collectors is an important source of revenue. The island in recent years has suffered a serious loss of population because of emigration to New Zealand. Efforts to increase GDP include the promotion of tourism and financial services, although the International Banking Repeal Act of 2002 resulted in the termination of all offshore banking licenses. Economic aid from New Zealand in FY08/09 was US$5.7 million. Niue suffered a devastating typhoon in January 2004, which decimated nascent economic programs. While in the process of rebuilding, Niue has been dependent on foreign aid.GDP (purchasing power parity):$10.01 million (2003 est.)country comparison to the world: 228GDP (official exchange rate):$10.01 million (2003)GDP - real growth rate:6.2% (2003 est.)country comparison to the world: 44GDP - per capita (PPP):$5,800 (2003 est.)country comparison to the world: 153GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 23.5%industry: 26.9%services: 49.5% (2003)Agriculture - products:coconuts, passion fruit, honey, limes, taro, yams, cassava (tapioca), sweet potatoes; pigs, poultry, beef cattleIndustries:handicrafts, food processingIndustrial production growth rate:NA%Labor force:663 (2001)country comparison to the world: 231Labor force - by occupation:note: most work on family plantations; paid work exists only in government service, small industry, and the Niue Development BoardUnemployment rate:12% (2001)country comparison to the world: 125Population below poverty line:NA%Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: NA%highest 10%: NA%Budget:revenues: $15.07 millionexpenditures: $16.33 million (FY04/05)Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):-12.6% of GDP (FY04/05)country comparison to the world: 212Fiscal year:1 April - 31 MarchInflation rate (consumer prices):4% (2005)country comparison to the world: 127Exports:$201,400 (2004)country comparison to the world: 219Exports - commodities:canned coconut cream, copra, honey, vanilla, passion fruit products, pawpaws, root crops, limes, footballs, stamps, handicraftsImports:$9.038 million (2004)country comparison to the world: 222Imports - commodities:food, live animals, manufactured goods, machinery, fuels, lubricants, chemicals, drugsDebt - external:$418,000 (2002 est.)country comparison to the world: 200Exchange rates:New Zealand dollars (NZD) per US dollar -1.2334 (2012)1.263 (2011)1.3874 (2010)1.6002 (2009)1.4151 (2008)Energy ::NiueElectricity - production:3 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 215Electricity - consumption:2.79 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 215Electricity - exports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 108Electricity - imports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 112Electricity - installed generating capacity:1,000 kW (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 208Electricity - from fossil fuels:100% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 27Electricity - from nuclear fuels:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 147Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 186Electricity - from other renewable sources:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 164Crude oil - production:0 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 171Crude oil - exports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 158Crude oil - imports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 104Crude oil - proved reserves:0 bbl (1 January 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 170Refined petroleum products - production:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 117Refined petroleum products - consumption:NA bbl/day (2011 est.)Refined petroleum products - exports:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 205Refined petroleum products - imports:22.57 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 207Natural gas - production:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 171Natural gas - consumption:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 177Natural gas - exports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 151Natural gas - imports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 103Natural gas - proved reserves:0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 174Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:6,220 Mt (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 209Communications ::NiueTelephone system:domestic: single-line telephone system connects all villages on islandinternational: country code - 683 (2001)Broadcast media:1 government-owned TV station with many of the programs supplied by Television New Zealand; 1 government-owned radio station broadcasting in AM and FM (2009)Internet country code:.nuInternet hosts:79,508 (2012)country comparison to the world: 83Internet users:1,100 (2009)country comparison to the world: 214Transportation ::NiueAirports:1 (2013)country comparison to the world: 227Airports - with paved runways:total: 11,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2012)Airports - with unpaved runways:total: 11,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)Roadways:total: 120 kmcountry comparison to the world: 213paved: 120 km (2008)Ports and terminals:AlofiMilitary ::NiueMilitary branches:no regular indigenous military forces; Police ForceMilitary - note:defense is the responsibility of New ZealandTransnational Issues ::NiueDisputes - international:none"
The World Factbook. 2014.
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Niue — Niuē (niueanisch) Niue (englisch, deutsch) … Deutsch Wikipedia
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NIUE — Île de l’Océanie, située dans le Pacifique central par 190 de latitude sud. Découverte par Cook en 1774, Niue est annexée par la Grande Bretagne en 1900 et passe sous l’administration néo zélandaise en 1901; elle a obtenu l’autonomie interne en… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Niue — [niː ueɪ], Insel im südlichen Pazifik, bei 19º 2 südliche Breite und 169º 52 westliche Länge, 480 km östlich von Tonga, 260 km2, 2 000 Einwohner (Polynesier, überwiegend Protestanten), Hauptort und hafen (Reede) ist Alofi (680 Einwohner). Niue… … Universal-Lexikon
Niue — (Savage Island), zu Neuseeland gehörige Insel im Stillen Ozean, unter 19°10´ südl. Br., südöstlich von Samoa, 94 qkm groß, besteht aus einem fast 100 m hohen Korallenplateau mit guter Vegetation und hat 5070 polynesische, seit 1864 christliche… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Niuë — Niuë, Inue, Savage Island, brit. Koralleninsel im Stillen Ozean, südl. von den Samoainseln, 94 qkm, 6083 prot. E., Dependenz von Neuseeland … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Niue — es una isla en el Océano Pacífico Sur. Conocida como la Roca de Polinesia. Aunque tiene un autogobierno, mantiene un estatus de libre asociación con Nueva Zelanda. Está localizada a 2.400 kilómetros al noreste de Nueva Zelanda en un triángulo… … Enciclopedia Universal